This website may be used without entering personal information. Different rules may apply to certain services on the site, however, and are explained separately below. Personal information is collected from you (e.g. name, address, email address, telephone number, etc.) in accordance with the provisions of German data protection statutes. Information is considered personal if it can be associated exclusively to a specific natural person. The legal framework for data protection may be found in the German Federal Data Protection Act (BDSG) and the Telemedia Act (TMG). The provisions below serve to provide information as to the manner, extent and purpose for collecting, using and processing personal information by the provider.
Dr. David Wagner
German Graduate School of Management and Law gGmbH
Bildungscampus 2, Office 4.03
74076 Heilbronn, Germany
+49 7131 6456 3685
Please be aware that data transfer via the internet is subject to security risks and, therefore, complete protection against third-party access to transferred data cannot be ensured.
This website makes use of so-called cookies in order to recognize repeat use of the website by the same user/internet connection subscriber. Cookies are small text files that your internet browser downloads and stores on your device. They are used to improve this website and services. In most cases these are so-called “session cookies” that are deleted once you leave this website.
To an extent, however, these cookies also pass along information used to automatically recognize you. Recognition occurs through an IP address saved to the cookies. The information thereby obtained is used to improve services and to expedite your access to the website.
You can prevent cookies from being installed by adjusting the settings on your browser software accordingly. You should be aware, however, that by doing so you may not be able to make full use of all the functions of this website.
For technical reasons, data such as the following, which your internet browser transmits to this site or to it’s web space provider (so called server log files), is collected:
– type and version of the browser you use
– operating system
– websites that linked you to this site (referrer URL)
– websites that you visit
– date and time of your visit
– your Internet Protocol (IP) address.
This anonymous data is stored separately from any personal information you may have provided, thereby making it impossible to connect it to any particular person. The data is used for statistical purposes in order to improve the website and services.
Contacting the Provider
This website offers you the opportunity to contact the provider, either by email and/or by using a contact form. In such event, information provided by the user is stored for the purpose of facilitating communications with the user. No data is transferred to third parties. Nor is any of this information matched to any information that may be collected by other components of this website.
This website offers you the opportunity to post comments about individual articles. For this purpose, the IP address of the user/internet connection subscriber is stored. This information is stored for security in the event the author through his/her comments infringes against third party rights and/or unlawful content is entered. Consequently, the provider has a direct interest in the author’s stored data, particularly since the provider may be potentially liable for such violations. No data is transferred to third parties. Nor is any of this information matched to any information that may be collected by other components of this website.
Subscribing to Comments
This website offers you the opportunity to subscribe to subsequent comments about an article which you intend to comment on. When you choose this option, you will receive a confirmation email which is used to determine if you are actually the owner of the email address entered. You may at any time revoke your decision to subscribe to such follow-on comments. You will find additional details in the confirmation email. No data hereby obtained is transferred to third parties. Nor is any of this information matched to any information that may be collected by other components of this website.
Use of Piwik Analytics with anonymization
The information generated by these cookies, such as time, place and frequency of your visits to this site, including your IP address, are transmitted to the PIWIK server on this site and stored there. As part of this process, you IP address is immediately anonymized so that you as user remain anonymous to this website. The information generated by the cookie about your use of this website is not transferred to third parties. You can prevent cookies from being installed by adjusting the settings on your browser software accordingly. You should be aware, however, that by doing so you may not be able to make full use of all the functions of our website.
Should you be unwilling to have this data about your use of the site stored and analyzed, you may at any time subsequently withdraw your consent to it being stored and used with a click of the mouse. A so-called opt-out cookie is then placed on your browser, and as a result Piwik will no longer collect any data on your visits. Please be aware that, should you delete cookies from your browser settings, the opt-out cookie from PIWIK may also be deleted and will need to be reactivated.
Opting-out of tracking
Use of social media buttons with “Shariff”
This website promotes a project by c’t, called “Shariff”. “Shariff” replaces the typical share-buttons of social networks and thereby protects surfing behavior.
“Shariff” integrates the share buttons of social networks this website as a graphic containing a link to the appropriate social network. By clicking on the appropriate icon you will be redirected to the services of your network. The Shariff button provides direct contact between the social network and this website’s users only when the visitor actively clicks the ‘Share’ button. Only then will your data be transferred to the respective social network. If, however, the Shariff button is not clicked, no exchange will be made between you and the social network. For more information about the c’t project “Shariff” visit http://www.heise.de/ct/artikel/Shariff-Social-Media-Buttons-mit-Datenschutz-2467514.html
This website integrates the following social networks with “Shariff”:
Use of the Twitter Timeline widget
This website employs the timeline widget provided by Twitter. Twitter is a service of Twitter Inc., 795 Folsom St., Suite 600, San Francisco, CA 94107, USA.
When this website loads a Twitter widget for display, Twitter receive Log Data, including the web page you visited and a cookie that identifies your browser. After a maximum of 10 days, Twitter starts the process of deleting or aggregating Widget Data, which may take up to a week. While Twitter has the Widget Data, they may use it to tailor content for you, such as suggestions for people to follow on Twitter. Tailored content is stored with only your browser cookie ID and is separated from other Widget Data such as page-visit information. If you want, you can suspend it or turn it off, which removes from your browser the unique cookie that enables the feature. Learn more about the feature at http://support.twitter.com/articles/20169421.
In addition, this website’s Twitter widget uses the option “Opt-out of tailoring Twitter”. Opting-out means that Twitter will not use data from this website’s Twitter widget to give tailored suggestions for people to follow.
You may change your data privacy settings in your account settings, at http://twitter.com/account/settings.
Use of Slideshare Plugins (Documents)
This website employs components provided by Slideshare.com, represented by Linkedin Inc. and operated by SlideShare Inc., 1 Montgomery St., Suite 1300, San Francisco, CA 94104, USA.
These components are integrated into this site using a so-called 2-click approach. No personal data is transmitted to Slideshare.com by merely accessing this website. Personal information is transferred to Slideshare, Google Analytics and ComScore and stored in the US only when you manually activate Slideshare components. In addition, a cookie is placed on your browser. The provider has no control over data collected by Slideshare.com or their processing operations. Nor is the provider familiar with the full extent of the data collected, the purposes for which is collected or any storage periods which may be specified by Slideshare.com. Additional information is available at https://www.slideshare.net/privacy.
ComScore (Corporate Headquarters Reston, 11950 Democracy Drive, Suite 600, Reston, VA 20190, USA) stores the data thereby obtained by means of a “user profile”. Analysis of this “user profile“ by ComScore is used to provide advertisements tailored to meet market demands and/or for purposes of market research. You are entitled to the right to deny consent to the compiling and storage of this user profile by ComScore. To exercise this right, contact comScore, Inc., at 11950 Democracy Drive, Suite 600, Reston, VA 20190, USA.
Additional information on the purpose and extent of data collection and its processing by comScore can be found at http://www.comscore.com/About-comScore/Privacy
Use of YouTube Plugins (Videos)
To show and play videos, this website uses the embedding function, provided by YouTube.com, represented by Google Inc. and operated by YouTube LLC., 901 Cherry Ave. San Bruno, CA 94066, USA.
The advanced data protection modus is employed, which – according to provider information – starts saving user information only after playback of the video(s). Once the playback of embedded YouTube videos has commenced, the provider “YouTube” inserts cookies to collect information about user behavior. According to “YouTube” notices, this information is used to gather video statistics, improve user-friendliness and prevent inappropriate activities. Independently of the playback of embedded videos, every time this website is loaded a connection to the Google network “DoubleClick” is established, which may cause additional data processing procedures that are beyond our control.
To find out more about YouTube’s data protection policy and how this provider gathers and uses your data, please visit http://www.google.com/policies/privacy/.
Use of Vimeo Plugins (Videos)
To show and play videos, this website uses the embedding function, provided by Vimeo LLC, 555 West 18th Street New York, New York 10011, USA.
Every time you visit a page showing one or more Vimeo video clips, a direct connection is established between your browser and a Vimeo server in the USA. Your IP address and information about your visit are stored. By interacting with the Vimeo plugins (e.g. by clicking the play button) this information is also transmitted to Vimeo and stored.
If you have a Vimeo user account and do not wish Vimeo to use our website as a way of collecting information about you and linking this information with the membership data held by Vimeo, please log out of Vimeo before visiting our website.
To find out more about Vimeo’s data protection policy and how this provider gathers and uses your data, please visit https://vimeo.com/privacy.
Use of Prezi Plugins (Presentations)
To show and play presentations, this website uses the embedding function, provided by Prezi Inc., 633 Folsom Street, San Francisco, CA 94107, USA.
To find out more about Prezi’s data protection policy and how this provider gathers and uses your data, please visit
Use of Google Docs Plugins (Presentations & Documents)
To show and play presentations or documents, this website uses the embedding function, provided by Google Docs, a service provided by Google Inc., 1600 Amphitheatre Parkway, Mountain View, CA 94043 USA
To find out more about Google’s data protection policy and how this provider gathers and uses your data, please visit
On the basis of the Federal Data Protection Act, you may contact the provider at no cost if you have questions relating to the collection, processing or use of your personal information, if you wish to request the correction, blocking or deletion of the same, or if you wish to cancel explicitly granted consent. Please note that you have the right to have incorrect data corrected or to have personal data deleted, where such claim is not barred by any legal obligation to retain this data.